USEFUL GUIDE TO THE FRENCH LANGUAGE
If you plan to go out and explore French cities, you may want to speak French. Please find below some very basic words and phrases to discuss. Please note that the pronunciation has been simplified and “anglicized” but does not correspond to the proper phonetics. So it remains approximate, but it should be easier to read!
|S’il vous plaît||Seel voo play||C’est combien s’il vous plaît ?||Say kom-byañ seel voo play|
|merci||Mer-see||Je voudrais||Zhuh voo-dray|
|excusez-moi||Exkoo-zay mwah||Est-ce que vous avez ?||Es-kuh voo zavay|
|Bonjour||Boñzhoor||A quelle heure êtes-vous ouvert ?||Ah kel urr ett voo oo-ver|
|Au revoir||Oh ruh-vwar||Cher||Shehr|
|quel ? Quelle ?||Kel, kel||Pas cher OR Bon Marché||Pah shehr, boñ mar-shay|
|quand ?||Koñ||Alimentation OR Les courses||Alee-moñta-syoñ Koorss|
|Où ?||Oo||Le Supermarché||Soo pehr-marshay|
|Au secours !||Oh sekoor||Sortie||Sor-tee|
|Appeler un||Apuh-lay uñ||Droite||Dwah|
|Appeler la police||Apuh-lay lah poh-lees|
|Appeler les pompiers||Apuh-lay leh poñ-peeyay|
If you want to learn French as a foreign language outside of class, you will find countless online resources to practice (websites, YouTube channels, applications…). French as a foreign language courses are called “FLE”. The site“Le Point du FLE” is a good starting point if you are looking for resources grouped by level, by skill, by theme and objective. The following links are often used in French classes and are a good basis:
- Learn French with TV5 Monde
- “Easy French“, with French and English subtitles
- Les voisins du 12 bis, a bilingual podcast in ten episodes that follows the adventures of a young Indian student in Paris
If you are in Paris, check out Lost in Frenchlation.
If you love movies and want to discover French cinema in its original version, Lost in Frenchlation organizes screenings of French films with English subtitles in independent cinemas. The screenings are usually followed by a cocktail party to meet other internationals.
We have chosen a selection of books that will help you understand French culture:
- Sixty million Frenchmen can’t be wrong by Jean-Benoit Nadeau and Julie Barlow
- Paris VS New-York by Vahram Muratyan
- Almost French, a new life in Paris by Sarah Turnbull
- F is for France: A Curious Cabinet of French Wonders by Piu Eatwell
10 things to do
10 THINGS TO DO DURING YOUR STUDIES IN FRANCE
From fairytale castles to white sandy beaches, alpine ski resorts and lush vineyards, there are many beautiful places to visit.
Christmas Market in Strasbourg
The Christmas Market in Strasbourg
More than 300 wooden chalets spread over various squares in the city invite you to make enchanting discoveries in a magical atmosphere!
dune du Pilat
The highest sand dune in Europe. The Dune du Pilat gives more the impression to be in the Sahara desert than in France. One hundred meters high, the dune stretches for nearly 3 km from north to south. Once at the top, you can enjoy a spectacular view of the Arcachon basin and the Atlantic Ocean.
Period: From May to June
surf in Biarritz
Enjoy the waves of the French Basque Country, its people and its gastronomy.
Period: March to June and September to November
The must-do activity in the region is to visit the Bordeaux vineyards and meet the local winemakers. They open their vineyards for tastings, oenology courses and many cultural and gastronomic discoveries.
château de Versailles
One of the most famous world heritage monuments, Versailles is located 20 km west of Paris. This former royal residence is surrounded by 787 hectares of gardens and welcomes nearly 15 million visitors each year to admire the sumptuous rooms, the art collection and the splendid gardens.
Period: although you can visit all year round, the best time is spring.
The gorges of the Verdon
The Verdon Regional Natural Park with its Grand Canyon is a unique site in France. The canyon can be explored by canoe or pedal boat to enjoy the wilderness, the beautiful landscape and the breathtaking views.
Period : from June to September
Skiing in the French Alps
the French Alps
The French Alps are one of the best ski destinations in the world. This beautiful part of France is popular for its picturesque mountain villages, rustic alpine charm and superb skiing conditions. Chamonix, Val d’Isère, Meribel are favorite places.
Period : from December to the end of March
The Calanques National Park of Marseille
The cliffs of the Calanques are a natural wonder nestled between Marseille and Cassis. This unique and breathtaking landscape is a must-see place in Marseille! With its pebble and fine sand beaches, its miniature fjords with turquoise waters, the Calanques look like a postcard!
Period : from May to October
The walk on the cliffs of Étretat
A splendid place! If the cliffs are among the most impressive natural sites in Europe, the artistic and historical heritage of this small maritime city will surprise you. The cliffs and the Aiguille Creuse have made the town of Étretat world famous. Wonders of nature, these giants are nearly 90 meters high and are ancient witnesses of the evolution of the Normandy coast.
Period : from March to November
The GR20 hike in Corsica
The GR20 is a mythical hiking trail that crosses the island of Corsica diagonally, from Calenzana in the North to Conca in the South. It is dazzlingly beautiful and varied. It takes about 16 days, good luck!
Period : from May to October
The French Riviera
For glitz and glamour, the French Riviera is the place to be. This beautiful part of the Mediterranean coastline is known as the Côte d’Azur (“Blue Coast”) because of its turquoise waters. Do not miss to visit: Cassis, Nice and Cannes.
Period: all year round
CALENDAR OF POPULAR FESTIVALS
Download the calendar of French popular holidays.
Find out about other regional celebrations here.
Gastronomy is a very important part of life in France, which makes it a symbol of French culture. French gastronomy has been declared an intangible cultural heritage of humanity by UNESCO. The latter even recognized the French culinary culture as “a social custom aimed at celebrating the most important moments in the lives of individuals and groups”. This gastronomic culture is an integral part of the French lifestyle. The traditional dishes, which can be found in a restaurant or in a family, change according to the regions of France. Taste the regional dishes when you visit the various regions of France and discover the real French cuisine. The French day is punctuated by several meals, including breakfast, lunch and dinner.
French food customs
It is true that France is known for its food and typical regional dishes, such as pancakes, wine, cheese, … To better understand how a day is structured around meals, here is the complete list:
Breakfast is the first and most important meal of the day. It is usually sweet, with a croissant, cereal, coffee, toast with jam.
Lunch usually lasts 45 minutes to an hour (or more) at noon (12:00 noon) and includes an appetizer, main course and dessert.
Snack time is the favorite meal of children. It is usually taken at the end of school, at 4:30 pm. The snack can be a pastry or a cookie. The adults have tea or coffee.
The aperitif is a time before dinner when we enjoy a glass of an alcoholic or non-alcoholic beverage with something to nibble on. For the French, it is synonymous with well-being and leisure. It is a moment of sharing and conviviality.
Dinner is the last meal of the day and usually starts between 7:30 and 8:00 pm. It is often the meal where we meet as a family to discuss.
In France, each meal is considered a moment of conviviality, rest and socialization.
Where to find the most popular dishes
Bread, cheese and wine are sacred elements of French cuisine. They are so important in French culture that it is difficult to count their number precisely. These wine and cheese maps (below) will give you a better idea of where to taste the best cheeses and wines in France.
The French like to go to restaurants on different occasions, whether to celebrate an event or simply for pleasure. In France, there are many restaurants, and many offer French and international specialties.
Restaurant prices vary considerably and are not always affordable for a student budget. They can start at about ten euros for a full meal in a local restaurant and go up to several hundred euros in the great gastronomic restaurants, Michelin starred, of great chefs, such as Hélène Darroze, Paul Bocuse and Alain Ducasse. A tip: always read the menu and check the prices before you sit down.
An important point to note: in France, service is included in the price, you can leave a tip if you are extremely satisfied with the service (it is recommended to leave 5 to 10% of the total amount). French restaurants are generally open during meal times, i.e. from 12:00 to 14:30 and from 19:30 to 23:30.
With the exception of Paris, restaurants in the regions are often closed on Sunday and Monday.
In France, it is common to go to a local butcher, fishmonger, wine merchant and cheesemonger to do your shopping instead of doing all your shopping at the supermarket. Many French people are attached to their neighborhood because they know the local merchants well.
We invite you to download the app and visit the LaFourchette website (TheFork) to book recommended restaurants in your city and get discounts.
When the sun is shining, the terraces are the best place to sip a drink or have a meal, the site“JveuxDuSoleil here” will help you find the terrace where the sun shines.
However, if you have a limited budget, you will find below the university restaurants, or “CROUS restaurant”. To access it, you must:
- Being a student
- Have a student card
- Have a CROUS card, which costs 2 €. You must ask for the card at the reception desk of one of the CROUS restaurants. You can recharge it with cash or with your credit card at the entrance of each restaurant. A meal to eat in or take away costs between 3 € and 10 €.
Make your life easier by downloading these main applications:
Health and administrative app
- Too Good to Go The application aims to limit food waste while protecting the environment and your wallet. In seconds, you can reserve and retrieve food from local bakeries, restaurants and supermarkets – for just a few dollars! This is the best way to get affordable and tasty food.
- Marmiton If you want to learn new recipes and share your own, Marmiton is the application for you.
Food Delivery and Take-out app
Grocery Shopping App
Public Transports App
- Uber to get a ride in minutes with this safety app.
- Bolt to book a car trip with discounts
- SNCF Connect to book your train ticket and travel across the country.
- City mapper is the ultimate transportation and GPS application that displays transportation options and information in real time.
- Geovelo to find the best bike paths everywhere in France and in every city.
- Blablacar for BlaBlaCar is a carpooling application that connects drivers and passengers. In general, carpooling is inexpensive and there are rides available throughout France every day. It’s a great way to get where you want to go in no time!
Meeting and Dating App
SHEERIZ the dating application for girls only. The application will allow you to meet girls and create new friendships. All girls 15 years of age or older can register.
GEEV : the application gathers all the free objects donations around you and in all France.
Useful applications to download by city
- RATP HELLO to get around Paris by metro, RER and bus.
- VELIB to find a Vélib station and the best route by bike.
- TBM transport to get around Bordeaux by streetcar, bus and bicycle.
- TCL to get around Lyon by metro, streetcar and bus.
- SYNCHRO to get around Chambéry by bus.
French music is very rich. From music of the 60s to current popular songs, there is something for everyone: classical, rap, r’n’b, rock, indie rock, disco….
We invite you to listen to French playlists on Spotify and Deezer. This is a great way to start getting used to the French environment and an opportunity to immerse yourself in French culture.